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CME: Glaucoma: Therapeutic updates, best practices, and barriers to effective care

Activity Description / Statement of Need:

In this online, self-learning activity:

Glaucoma, a heterogeneous disease leading to progressive damage to the optic nerve, causes irreversible vision loss and affects approximately 64 million people worldwide.The prevalence of glaucoma is increasing, and more than 100 million people will have glaucoma by 2040. Approximately half of all individuals with glaucoma are unaware of their condition due to the asymptomatic nature of the disease. Although the incidence of glaucoma-related blindness has decreased over the last 20 years, thanks to effective management strategies, 13% to 40% of people with glaucoma still develop unilateral or bilateral blindness, typically at a rate of 1.1% per year.

Target Audience:

The following healthcare professionals: Ophthalmologists; physician assistants, nurse practitioners, nurses, and pharmacists with an interest in ophthalmology or diseases affecting the eye; and any other healthcare professionals with an interest in or who clinically encounter patients with glaucoma.


This program is supported by an educational grant from Bausch & Lomb.

Learners may participate in this activity free of charge.


Release Date: April 16, 2021 -- Expiration Date: April 16, 2023

Faculty: Robert Chang, MD

Agenda

Monitoring intraocular pressure (IOP) and optimizing targets.

  • Diurnal IOP measurements
  • Advances toward 24-hour measurements
  • Considerations for IOP targets
    • Importance of visual and structural tests
    • Comorbidities
    • When are aggressive targets appropriate?

Current and emerging treatment options for glaucoma.

  • First-line therapies
    • When are prostaglandins not the first choice?
    • Selective laser trabeculotomy as a first-line option
    • Adjunctive therapies with prostaglandin analogues
    • Nitric oxide-delivering prostaglandin analogues
    • Fixed-combination drugs vs. polypharmacy
    • Drugs in clinical development
      • Rho kinase inhibitors
      • Adenosine A1 agonists
      • Barriers to care
      • Patient case(s)

Learning Objectives

By the end of the session the participant will be able to:

  • Individualize intraocular pressure targets based on known risk factors and patient-specific characteristics, and optimize assessment of intraocular pressure profiles to readily identify peaks and fluctuations.
  • Identify first-line pharmacotherapies, laser therapies, and glaucoma implants for lowering intraocular pressure, and select appropriate monotherapies and combination therapies for patients.
  • Discuss present and emerging pharmacotherapies currently in clinical development and their mechanisms of action, and apply those therapies to patient cases.
  • Describe barriers to care in the treatment of patients with glaucoma and what clinicians may do to aide patients in circumventing them.

Accreditation

ScientiaCME is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

Credit Designation: ScientiaCME designates this internet activity enduring material for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™ toward the AMA Physician's Recognition Award. Physicians should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

ABO MOC Recognition Statement: Successful completion of this CME activity, which includes participation in the evaluation component, enables the participant to earn up to 1.0 MOC points in the American Board of Ophthalmology (ABO) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program. Participants will earn MOC points equivalent to the amount of CME credits claimed for the activity. It is the CME activity provider's responsibility to submit participant completion information to ACCME for the purpose of granting ABO MOC credit.

Physicians: For applicable courses, to attain maintenance of certification (MOC) credit, you must enter your board certification ID # and birth date correctly.  It is the learner's responsibility to provide this information completely and accurately at the completion of the activity. Without providing it, the learner will NOT receive MOC credit for this activity. Please note: not all activities on this site provide MOC credit. If this activity does not specify that it provides MOC credit in the "Accreditation" section on this page, then it does NOT provide MOC credit.  

Pharmacists

ScientiaCME is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) as a provider of continuing pharmaceutical education. This program is approved for 1.0 hours (0.1 CEUs) of continuing education.  Proof of participation will be posted to your NABP CPE profile within 4 to 6 weeks to participants who have successfully completed the post-test. Participants must participate in the entire presentation and complete the course evaluation to receive continuing pharmacy education credit. ACPE # 0574-0000-21-012-H01-P. ACPE Accreditation effective 04/16/21 expires 04/16/23. This is a Knowledge (K)-type activity.

Pharmacists: You must enter your NABP # and birth date correctly so that proof of participation can be posted to your NABP CPE profile. It is the learner's responsibility to provide this information completely and accurately at the completion of the activity. Without providing it, the learner will NOT receive CPE credit for this activity.

Nurse Practitioners (NPs): The American Academy of Nurse Practitioners accepts AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™ from organizations accredited by the ACCME.  ScientiaCME will provide NPs who successfully complete each activity with a certificate of participation indicating that the activity was designated for AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™.

Physician Assistants: The American Academy of Physician Assistants accepts AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™ from organizations accredited by the ACCME.


Faculty Disclosure and Resolution of COI

As a provider of continuing medical education, it is the policy of ScientiaCME to ensure balance, independence, objectivity, and scientific rigor in all of its educational activities. In accordance with this policy, faculty and educational planners must disclose any significant relationships with commercial interests whose products or devices may be mentioned in faculty presentations, and any relationships with the commercial supporter of the activity. The intent of this disclosure is to provide the intended audience with information on which they can make their own judgments. Additionally, in the event a conflict of interest (COI) does exist, it is the policy of ScientiaCME to ensure that the COI is resolved in order to ensure the integrity of the CME activity. For this CME activity, any COI has been resolved thru content review ScientiaCME.

Faculty Disclosure: Robert Chang, MD, Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology at the Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA, discloses that he has received financial compensation as a consultant for Aerie and Ivantis. 

Disclosures of Educational Planners: Charles Turck, PharmD, BCPS, BCCCP, President of ScientiaCME, has no relevant conflicts of interest to disclose.

Commercial Support Disclosure: This program is supported by an educational grant from Bausch & Lomb.

Instructions

  • Read the learning objectives above
  • Take the Pre-Test (optional). Completion of the pre-test will help us evaluate the knowedge gained by participating in this CME activity.
  • View the online activity. You may view this is in more than one session, and may pause or repeat any portion of the presentation if you need to.
  • Take the post-test
  • Complete the activity evaluation and CME registration. A CE certificate will be emailed to you immediately.

Cultural and Linguistic Competence

System Requirements

PC
Windows 7 or above
Internet Explorer 8
*Adobe Acrobat Reader
MAC
Mac OS 10.2.8
Safari or Chrome or Firefox
*Adobe Acrobat Reader
Internet Explorer is not supported on the Macintosh

*Required to view Printable PDF Version


Perform Pre-Test (optional)

Please take a few minutes to participate in the optional pre-test. It will help us measure the knowledge gained by participating in this activity.


Additional Courses That Are Related To This Activity

Glaucoma: Updates from the AAO 2019 Annual Meeting

Glaucoma: Optimizing pharmacotherapeutic management strategies

Dry Eye Disease: Therapeutic Updates and Optimizing Treatment